Eugene Goostman is the name that fooled 1/3 of judges into thinking he was the 13 year old Ukrainian boy when in fact, he is a program created by computer engineers led by Russian Vladimir Veselov and Ukrainian Eugene Demchenko. Historically 1/3 of judges that are fooled is a milestone figure as 30% of judges need to be fooled in order for a program to pass the Turing Test.
The Turing test is a test of a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. In the original illustrative example, a human judge engages in natural language conversations with a human and a machine designed to generate performance indistinguishable from that of a human being. All participants are separated from one another. If the judge cannot reliably tell the machine from the human, the machine is said to have passed the test. The test does not check the ability to give the correct answer to questions; it checks how closely the answer resembles typical human answers. The conversation is limited to a text-only channel such as a computer keyboard and screen so that the result is not dependent on the machine’s ability to render words into audio.
The implications of this are huge as this is the first time ever that a program has succeeded to fooling over 30% of judges and subsequently passing the Turing test.
(Source: The Verge)